Enamel is a hard and white substance that covers the teeth. It protects the more fragile underlying parts of the teeth including the dentin and the pulp. Dental enamel is the hardest substance in the human body and is mostly composed of hydroxyapatite (crystalline calcium phosphate). It is produced by cells called ameloblasts.

Enamel within a tooth

Eroded enamel allows decay-causing micro-organisms to penetrate the tooth. This might lead to the development of cavities, damage to the pulp and nerve, or even the appearance of a dental abscess. Fluoride helps to keep the enamel more resistant to cavities.


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  2. Marcovitch H., Black’s Medical Dictionary, 41st edition, London, 2005.
  3. Leikin J. B., Lipsky M. S., Complete Medical Encyclopedia, First edition, New York, 2003.
  4. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (www.wikipedia.org).

The information above should be used as a reference only. Any medical decision should not be taken before consulting a health care professional.

The masculine gender may have been more used in the article, but without prejudice, to make reading easier.

Category: dental anatomy